Mercury 3 Mission Badge
Manned Space Flight Programs included Project Mercury, Project Gemini, and the Apollo missions. Each mission included individual mission badges. Project Mercury was the United States’ first man-in-space program. Project Mercury was conducted from 1958 – 1963. The objectives were to place a manned spacecraft in orbital flight around the earth, investigate man’s performance capabilities and his ability to function in the environment of space and recover the man and the spacecraft safely. Six manned space flights were completed as part of a 25-flight program. The Mercury astronauts included Scott Carpenter, Leroy Gordon Cooper Jr, John H. Glenn Jr, Virgil I. Grissom, Walter M. Schirra Jr, Commander Alan B. Shepard Jr, and Donald K. Slayton.
Gemini 12 Mission Badge
Project Gemini was the secondU.S.manned space program which ran from 1962 – 1966. Gemini involved 10 two-man crews and two unmanned flights. The goals of Project Gemini were to subject man and equipment to space flight up to two weeks in duration, to rendezvous and dock with orbiting vehicles and to maneuver the docked combination by using the target vehicle’s propulsion system. The Gemini astronauts included Virgil Grissom, John Young, James McDivitt, Edward White II, Gordon Cooper Jr, Charles Conrad Jr, Frank Borman, James Lovell Jr, Walter Schirra Jr, Thomas Stafford, Neil Armstrong, David Scott, Eugene Cernan, Michael Collins, Richard Gordon, and Edward Aldrin.
Tomorrow, Training for the Space Missions Rita Bay
This month Rita Bay’s Blog will salute the United States’ Manned Space Program as it apparently ended last month with no concrete plans for the future. We’ll look at where the United States space program has been in text and pics, its’ successes and failures, and consider the future based on the experts’ and politicians’ own words. RB
Robert H. Goddard’s introduced the concept of spaceflight in 1919 with the publication about liquid fuel rockets that provided enough power for interplanetary travel to become possible. In 1926 Goddard launched the first successful rocket fuelled by liquid propellant.
The first rocket to reach space, however, was a German V-2 Rocket on a test flight in 1944. Goddard’s work had influenced Wernher Von Braun who was a key player in spaceflight. The German government had invested huge personnel and financial resources to develop their very successful missile program. At the end of World War II, Von Braun and other German scientists were brought to the United States to work on the United States’ manned and unmanned programs. They developed rocket engines to carry fuel and the oxidizer needed for launches and to manage other engineering problems.
The United States began developing larger rockets in the 1940s which were tested White Sands Proving Ground in New Mexico and Cape Canaveral in Florida. In 1955, the United States began working on satellites with the goal of placing a small payload of scientific instruments in space to study the upper atmosphere. But the USSR was working hard also and the USA was in for a nasty surprise.
Tomorrow, The Beginning of Space Flight. Rita Bay