Tag Archives: Cronus

The Titans & the Greek Creation Myth

Oceanus

The Greeks developed a creation myth to explain the origin of their world and place their universe in comprehensible terms. Hesiod in his Theogony related how Chaos, a yawning nothingness, was alone at the beginning of the universe.  According to the  G-rated version, Gaia, the Earth, came out of the nothingness and was surrounded by Oceanus, the primeval river god.  They were followed by Erebus, Eros (Love), and the Abyss (Tartarus).  Gaia gave birth to Uranus (the Sky) and was the mother of the twelve Titans.

Gaia Presenting Stone to Cronos

Uranus, fearing that his children might depose him, refused to have more children.  Too late, as it turned out.  The Titan Cronos deposed his father Uranus and married Rhea.  Rhea had Cronos’ children but because he feared he would be deposed also, he swallowed them when they were born. Rhea gave him a wrapped-up stone to swallow when the youngest, Zeus, was born. 

Zeus Battles Cronos

The son, Zeus, returned and deposed his father, then drugged him which forced him to throw up the children that he had swallowed.  Zeus, supported by his siblings, waged war with his father.  Cronos lost and he and the other Titans were hurled into Tartarus, a kind of hell.  Zeus and his siblings reigned supreme from Olympus.

More about them tomorrow.  Rita Bay

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Creation Myths

Oceanus

A creation myth is a symbolic story of a culture, tradition or people that describes their earliest beginnings, how the world they know began and how they first came into existence in it. They are found in many cultures and are the most common form of myth. The creation myth conveys profound truths, although not necessarily in historical or literal.  The sacred accounts usually describe the ordering of the cosmos from a state of chaos or amorphousness.

Creation myths have several common. They address deeply meaningful questions held by the society, revealing major components of their central worldview.  The stories which are often set in a dim and nonspecific past include a plot and characters who are either deities, human-like figures, or animals, who often speak and transform easily. 

Uranus & Gaia

In Greek mythology, for example, an amorphous Chaos that was the domain of the Eurynome (Goddess of All Things) which was surrounded by the river ruled by the god Oceanus.  Eurynome divided out her territory and created the first generation of major gods and goddesses and exotic creatures.  The second generation which included Zeus and his brothers and sisters overthrew their father, Cronus, and ruled the earth from Olympus.

Tomorrow,   Rita Bay

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