Tag Archives: Improve reading comprehension

Suffixes Improve Vocabulary Too

      Using suffixes which are placed after a word root to change the meaning of the word or the part of speech is another easy way to increase vocabulary and reading comprehension.  The suffixes and prefixes don’t ALWAYS work.  You might end up creating a “neologism” which is a new or invented word.  Creative but not always desirable.  Below are listed a few favorite prefixes:

SUFFIX MEANING EXAMPLE
-able capable of being or doing fixable
ac, iac pertaining to cardiac
al, eal pertaining to medial
algia pain neuralgia
ary pertaining to binary
ate having the function of legate
ation process of aeration
cide capable of killing herbicide
er one who (insert noun) dancer
ess feminine form abbess
ful full of fearful
ian, an like, native of roman
icle small icicle
ics organized knowledge geriatrics
ism condition, disease gigantism
ist specialist in cardiologist
itis inflammation of bursitis
ize to treat by cauterize
form having the shape of terraform
gnosis knowledge (greek) diagnosis
gram, graph record or picture telegram
logist specialist in neurologist
metry process of measuring optometry
oid resembles, like cuboid
oma tumor, mass hematoma
osis condition, disease halitosis
pathy disease osteopathy
plasty surgical repair, reconstruction rhinoplasty
sclerosis hardening arteriosclerosis
scope instrument for viewing microscope
scopy test laparoscopy
tension pressure hypertension
tic pertaining to romantic
tome cutting instrument (gr) microtome
tomy cutting, incision tracheotomy

Check out this great prefis/suffix/word/word dictionary for more info: 

http://www.macroevolution.net/medical-suffixes-r-s.html#s

 Tomorrow:  An excerpt from Kennedy’s Inaugural Address  Rita Bay

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Using Prefixes to Improve Vocabulary

      William Shakespeare had about 20,000 words in his vocabulary.  Most Americans make do with about 2,000.  Whether for personal or business use, a rich vocabulary is an asset.  Using prefixes which are placed before a word root to change the meaning of the word is an easy way to increase vocabulary and reading comprehension. Below are listed a few favorite prefixes:

PREFIX MEANING EXAMPLE
a-, an- not, without, to atypical
ab away, from absent
ad as af as toward, add, increase advocate
anti against antidote
be all over, covered with berate
com co con with, completely commute
contra opposite, against controversial
counter opposition counterproposal
de down, away, remove destabilize
dia through, across diameter
dis removel, negate dislocate
en, em put into or on, bring into entrance
ex out of, upward, previous exit
extra outside, beyond extradite
hemi half hemisphere
hyper beyond, more than hyperactive
hypo below, under hypodermic
in not, without or in, inside insert
infra below infrared
inter between, among interact
intra inside, within intramural
non absence, negation nonsense
ob, of, op blocking, against obstruct
out exceeding, external outstanding
over excessively, upper, over overwhelming
peri round, about perimeter
post after postpone
pre before predate
pro in support of. acting for propose
re again retrench
semi half, partly semisweet
sub, suc lower submarine
syn in union, acting together synthesize
trans across, beyond transport
ultra beyond, extreme ultrasonic
un not, reverse uninspired
under beneath, lower in rank,not enough underrated

Tomorrow:  Suffixes    Rita Bay

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