The Committee of Five (John Adams, Roger Sherman, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Livingston, and Thomas Jefferson) who was responsible for writing and editing the Declaration of Independence finished their work the first of July. According to John Adams, the Continental Congress reconvened and, after discussion and editing, was ready for approval by the third. Congress convened on the fourth, formally adopted the Declaration on the morning of the fourth, and returned it to the Committee to make the approved changed and deliver it to the printer, John Dunlap. On the 5th of July printed copies (See Pic) were sent to the states for ratification. The final copies were signed “JOHN HANCOCK, President, Signed by order and in behalf of the Congress.
On Jul 5th, 1776 John Adams wrote: “Yesterday the greatest question was decided that was ever debated in America; and greater, perhaps, never was or will be decided among men. A resolution was passed, without one dissenting colony, ˜That these United States are, and of right ought to be free and independent states. The day passed. The 4th of July, 1776, will be a memorable epoch in the history of America. I am apt to believe it will be celebrated by succeeding generations as the great anniversary festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of deliverance, by solemn acts of devotion to Almighty God. It ought to be solemnized with pomp, shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations, from one end of the continent to the other, from this time forward, forever. You will think me transported with enthusiasm, but I am not.
I am well aware of the toil, and blood, and treasure, that it will cost to maintain this declaration, and support and defend these states; yet through all the gloom, I can see the rays of light and glory. I can see that the end is worth more than all the means; and that posterity will triumph …”
This weekend, more pics. Rita Bay