On July 25,1963 Congress established a set of guidelines under which the Medal of Honor could be awarded which include: while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States; while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or, while serving with friendly forces engaged in armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party.
Originally, the Medal of Honor was only presented to the enlisted, but on March 3, 1863 this was extended to officers as well. It is illegal to sell, wear, or manufacture any decorations or medals authorized by Congress for the armed forces of the United States.
Title 18 United States Code. Sec. 1001, entitled “Statements or entries generally,” June 25, 1948, ch. 45, 62 Stat. 749 provides that: In General. – Whoever knowingly wears, manufactures, or sells any decoration or medal authorized by Congress for the armed forces of the United States, or any of the service medals or badges awarded to the members of such forces, or the ribbon, button, or rosette of any such badge, decoration or medal, or any colorable imitation thereof, except when authorized under regulations made pursuant to law, shall be fined under this title (18 United State Code) or imprisoned not more than six months or both. Source: Congressional Medal of Honor Society: http://www.cmohs.org/
Tomorrow, The Latest Medal of Honor Award. Rita Bay