Ford was a proponent of Welfare Capitalism. To keep valuable employees, Ford raised the salary of his workers to $5 per day which was unheard of in 1914 and roughly double the average salary. In the 1920s, he introduced the forty hour week. He also offered a profit-sharing option in which benefits were initially tied to a Social Welfare department that monitored the personal lifestyles of the workers, including drinking, gambling, and family discord.
Ford disliked unions to the extent that when the unions attempted to negotiate a contract, he planned to break up the company. He only backed down when his wife, who wanted the company to pass to their child and grandchildren threatened to leave him.
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