The earliest games were organized by the local king. Later, a board was selected by lot from the leading local families of Elis (where Olympus is located). The board members, called hellanodikai became the organizers and judges of the games. They wore purple robes and participated in the sacred rituals.
The ten hellanodikai were trained for ten months and were not allowed to participate in the games themselves. They decided on the admission of the athletes. When the athletes arrived a month before the games, they were divided into age groups. Then, they supervised the training of the athletes for the month. Before the games, they drew the lots to determine the order of competition. During the games, they decided the winner. Their decisions could be appealed but not changed.
Tomorrow, The Fate of Cheaters in the Ancient Olympic Games Rita Bay