Barbary Pirates were pirates and privateers who sailed from North Africa in their xebecs which was known as the Barbary Coast. Their ship attacks and land raids extended throughout the Mediterranean, south along West Africa’s Atlantic seaboard and even South America, and into the North Atlantic as far north as Iceland. The main purpose of their attacks was to capture Christian slaves for the Islamic market in North Africa and the Middle East. Read Blurb & Excerpt
Corsairs captured thousands of ships, and long stretches of coast in Spain and Italy were almost completely abandoned by their inhabitants for centuries. From the 16th to 19th century, corsairs captured an estimated 800,000 to 1.25 million people as slaves. After the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna in 1814-5 European powers agreed upon the need to suppress the Barbary corsairs entirely and the threat was largely subdued, although occasional incidents continued until finally terminated by the French conquest of Algiers in 1830.
Tomorrow, The Barbary Slave Raids Rita Bay