The Human Genome Project closes out January’s Discoveries and Inventions journey. The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an international scientific research project with a primary goal of determining the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up DNA, and of identifying and mapping the approximately 20,000–25,000 genes of the human genome. The objective of the Human Genome Project is to understand the genetic makeup of the human species. It is one of the largest single investigative projects in modern science.
The project began in October 1990 and under the Office of Biological and Environmental Research in the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science and the National Institutes of Health National Human Genome Research Institute efforts. The work was completed in 2003, with more detailed analysis still being published. Most of the government-sponsored sequencing was performed in universities and research centers from the United States, the United Kingdom, Japan, France, Germany. The mapping of human genes is an important step in the development of medicines and other aspects of health care.
Tomorrow, Slaves & Slavery in February Rita Bay