This 34-star American national parade flag, printed on cotton with a medallion configuration that has a large, haloed center star, is one of the boldest wreath pattern designs of the Civil War era. Although the name of the maker of this flag is unknown, the company is known to have produced at least six different star counts with haloed center stars. Examples exist with 30, 31, 34, 35, 36, and 42 stars.
Kansas was admitted into the Union as the 34th state on January 29th, 1861, about 2½ months before the Confederate assault on Fort Sumter that marked the beginning of the Civil War. The 34th star was officially added on July 4th of that year, but most flag makers would have added a 34th star with the addition of Kansas in January. The star count remained official until July 4th, 1863, and 34 star flags would have been produced until the addition of West Virginia in June of that year.
Tomorrow, A Hand-Crafted Flag Rita Bay