The range of Pictish settlements that have been discovered is very broad and depends on the location and resources available for building. The Picts left brochs (round stone towers), souterrains (underground storage passages that were used as food stores ceremonial use, or hideouts.), crannogs (houses built over the lochs), and round houses which often surrounded the Iron Age brochs or hillforts for protection. Most of what survives today is constructed of stone and found in the Northern and Western Isles.
The southern Picts built with more perishable materials, such as timber and turf. The settlements of the southern Picts are no longer visible other than in the higher glens. Excavations at Pitcarmick in Perthshire revealed very long, broad, round-ended turf buildings the purpose of which is unknown. No Pictish palaces survive but some remains were identified at Forteviot in Strathearn. Forteviot stood on important trade routes, surrounded by rich agricultural land.
The Picts became Christians and eventually disappeared, absorbed by the Scots—but more on that another day.
Tomorrow, At Home with the Scots RitaBay