Suffixes Improve Vocabulary Too

      Using suffixes which are placed after a word root to change the meaning of the word or the part of speech is another easy way to increase vocabulary and reading comprehension.  The suffixes and prefixes don’t ALWAYS work.  You might end up creating a “neologism” which is a new or invented word.  Creative but not always desirable.  Below are listed a few favorite prefixes:

SUFFIX MEANING EXAMPLE
-able capable of being or doing fixable
ac, iac pertaining to cardiac
al, eal pertaining to medial
algia pain neuralgia
ary pertaining to binary
ate having the function of legate
ation process of aeration
cide capable of killing herbicide
er one who (insert noun) dancer
ess feminine form abbess
ful full of fearful
ian, an like, native of roman
icle small icicle
ics organized knowledge geriatrics
ism condition, disease gigantism
ist specialist in cardiologist
itis inflammation of bursitis
ize to treat by cauterize
form having the shape of terraform
gnosis knowledge (greek) diagnosis
gram, graph record or picture telegram
logist specialist in neurologist
metry process of measuring optometry
oid resembles, like cuboid
oma tumor, mass hematoma
osis condition, disease halitosis
pathy disease osteopathy
plasty surgical repair, reconstruction rhinoplasty
sclerosis hardening arteriosclerosis
scope instrument for viewing microscope
scopy test laparoscopy
tension pressure hypertension
tic pertaining to romantic
tome cutting instrument (gr) microtome
tomy cutting, incision tracheotomy

Check out this great prefis/suffix/word/word dictionary for more info: 

http://www.macroevolution.net/medical-suffixes-r-s.html#s

 Tomorrow:  An excerpt from Kennedy’s Inaugural Address  Rita Bay

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