Using Prefixes to Improve Vocabulary

      William Shakespeare had about 20,000 words in his vocabulary.  Most Americans make do with about 2,000.  Whether for personal or business use, a rich vocabulary is an asset.  Using prefixes which are placed before a word root to change the meaning of the word is an easy way to increase vocabulary and reading comprehension. Below are listed a few favorite prefixes:

PREFIX MEANING EXAMPLE
a-, an- not, without, to atypical
ab away, from absent
ad as af as toward, add, increase advocate
anti against antidote
be all over, covered with berate
com co con with, completely commute
contra opposite, against controversial
counter opposition counterproposal
de down, away, remove destabilize
dia through, across diameter
dis removel, negate dislocate
en, em put into or on, bring into entrance
ex out of, upward, previous exit
extra outside, beyond extradite
hemi half hemisphere
hyper beyond, more than hyperactive
hypo below, under hypodermic
in not, without or in, inside insert
infra below infrared
inter between, among interact
intra inside, within intramural
non absence, negation nonsense
ob, of, op blocking, against obstruct
out exceeding, external outstanding
over excessively, upper, over overwhelming
peri round, about perimeter
post after postpone
pre before predate
pro in support of. acting for propose
re again retrench
semi half, partly semisweet
sub, suc lower submarine
syn in union, acting together synthesize
trans across, beyond transport
ultra beyond, extreme ultrasonic
un not, reverse uninspired
under beneath, lower in rank,not enough underrated

Tomorrow:  Suffixes    Rita Bay

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s